Nepal

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Nepal: Tour & Travel Offers

Nepal in brief

Nepal is an ancient culture that despite two bulky neighbouring as India and China, has always maintained its own cultural and political autonomy. Nepal is a legendary place, lost between the arrival of the Hippie in the 70s and an ancient culture made ​​of Buddhist and Hindu rites and beliefs that form a penetration of only two religions in the world. Nepal has within itself some of the highest mountains in the world (Everest, Annapurna, the legendary Kangchenjunga and many more ) and is composed, despite being a small country, from many different microclimates. The capital is Kathmandu which has the only international airport in Nepal. Nepal has many UNESCO World Heritage sites such as the temples and the Valley of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur ( where Bernardo Bertolucci shot the Little Buddha ), Patan, the Stoupa of Boudhanat, Lumbini ( the birthplace of the lord Buddha), the National Park Chitwan and more.

The best time to go

Nepal is subject to the activities of the monsoons. The best time to visit Nepal in its entirety goes   from October/November to February, to avoid the summer monsoon, but also the heat of the plains that is felt from March to October. To visit Kathmandu and especially for trekking in the mountains you may prefer the shoulder season, especially from March to April, and from mid-October to mid-November, the periods in which you can avoid both the cold winter and the mud due to the summer rains. The second period is autumn, the best ever, because it is the driest one and the sky look particularly clear, that allows you to see the snowy Himalayas mountains at great distances. 
Typically expeditions to the Everest and the others highest peaks are organized in two periods, from May 20 to June 5 and from the first to October 20, when the temperature on the summit of Everest is around -25 / -27 degrees, and exploit the only two “windows” of time Clement between moisture and snowfall summer and winter wind-storms. However, in the high mountains the weather can vary greatly depending on the situation, so we need to see the forecast for the following days and rely on experienced guides.  

General Information

Size: 147,181 km²

Total population: about 30 million (29,959,364)

Official Language: Nepalese, various tribal languages

 

Religion: Hindus (80%), Buddhists (10%)

Ethnic origin: In Nepal they are counted more ‘than 100 ethnic groups. Most ‘are numerous: Newari, Chhetri, Bahun, Magar.

Form of State: Federal Parliamentary Republic (since 2008)

Development level: low-income country and development

The main economic resources of Nepal are made ​​from ‘ agriculture   and by   tourism . International economic aid constitute a significant proportion of the national budget while reaching the target only in low percentages given  bureaucracy  cumbersome.

The history of Nepal

The History of Nepal gets lost in the ancient myth. The first inhabitants of the documented Kathmandu Valley   were the Lichhavi ( VIII century BC ), which was followed by the Thakuri ( IX – XII century   AD) and   Malla   ( XIII – the eighteenth century ). The unification of the country took place in   1768   to work   Prithvi Narayan Shah , the founder of the last ruling dynasty. In the course of   Nineteenth century   Nepal clashed both with China and the ‘ British India, managing to retain autonomy in exchange for tributes and territorial concessions. In   1846   the general   Jang Bahadur Rana plotted a coup which allowed his family to hold the reins of government of Nepal for over a century, confining the dynasty   Shah  on the margins of national politics.

In the years between the   1947   and   1951   the democratic movement overthrew the Rana family with the support of ‘ India , allowing the King   Tribhuvan   to return from exile. To these succeeded by his son   Mahendra that in 1962 banned political parties and established the system of government   panchayat   (“Tips of the five”). The next monarch, Birendra, continued his father’s policy after finding himself forced popular protests (Jana Andolan, popular movement) of 1990 to concede the election. He was murdered by his son  Dipendra in   2001   along with other members of the royal family. On that occasion,   Gyanendra , Birendra’s younger brother, was among the few survivors and came to the throne a few days later.

In   2005   Gyanendra sacked the government and assumed directly   executive power, which gave for the following year a new wave of popular discontent (Loktantra Andolan, democratic movement). From these events sprang the decision to deal with the revolutionary movement of inspiration  Maoist . In  2006 the Maoists and the Nepalese government reached an agreement for a temporary constitution, paving the way for the government and the   Parliament   even to the rebels. The Legislature   Interim   led to the election of a constituent assembly within which it was discussed whether the state form   that the   form of government   that Nepal should adopt. In   2007  was approved by the parliament a constitutional amendment that has constituted its first step in the transformation of Nepal into a   Federal Republic . The last elections took place in   2008   sanctioning, with 220 seats out of 601, the clear victory of the Maoist party. After 240 years of monarchy, May 28   2008   in Nepal was proclaimed the Republic.

Religious Beliefs of Nepal

Nepal was up to   2006   the only state in the world to adopt the ‘ Hinduism   as   official religion. It was later proclaimed   secular state   with parliamentary resolution. Former sovereign still considered by some traditionalists a manifestation of God  Vishnu . Although the majority of the population professes the ‘ Hinduism , has spread the   Buddhism, in particular the current Tibetan Vajrayana. In some rural areas they will also practice   Bön   (Form of   shamanism ) and the ‘ animism   (the religion of Kiranti).

How to obtain a visa for Nepal

You ‘can get the visa at the entrance in the country at the land border or at the airport in Kathmandu submitting your passport (valid for at least six months on arrival) and two passport photos.

Rates to be paid locally for visa:

Validity 15 days: 25 Dollars

Validity 30 days: 40 Dollars

Validity 90 days: 100 US Dollars

If you travel to Nepal with a flight in transit to India, it may want to obtain a transit visa request from the Indian consular authorities in Italy. In the absence of a visa you can not leave the airport area (eg. In case of delays in coincidences). It is not allowed to do work or volunteer with a tourist visa. 

The Nepalese Government has authorized the “Trekking Agency Association of Nepal” (TAAN) and “Nepal Tourism Board” (NTB) to adopt a registration system for foreign tourists called “Trekkers’ Information Management System” (TIMS). If you go to make a trek in Nepal, including those who are not part of an organized group, they must be in possession of a card issued by agencies TIMS TAAN or NTB. In an emergency, this system will help local authorities to identify the tourists.

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