History of Thailand
The old Siam
The history of Thailand is certainly ancient. 10,000 years ago, the valley of the Mekhong and the Khorat Plateau were places of settlement for a civilized people very evolved, perhaps the original stock of all Asian ethnicities. Archaeological remains attest also the cultivation of rice in Thailand since 4000a.c. as well as the bronze work already in 3.000 a.c.
In the territory of Thailand, between the seventh and thirteenth centuries AD the entire region was united under the Khmer kingdom of Angkor, then rejected by the hand of the Principles within the confines of the Thai Cambodia. In 1238 AD began the golden period, which followed the Ayuthaya period, during which the economy suffered a major boost thanks to new contacts with merchants Portuguese, Dutch, British, Danish and French appeared in Siam in the early 1600.
In 1782 he came to power the King Chao Phaya Chakri with the title of Rama I. It is to be sovereign transfer of the capital to Bangkok and the construction of the Kingdom of Thailand as we know it.
Towards modernity of Thailand
Thailand and Modern Thai culture begin to take shape with the King Rama IV or King Mongkut, who first feels the need to bring the country to western standards of the time. The subsequent accession to the throne of his son Rama V Chulalongkorn marks the increasing development of Thailand: slavery is abolished, is establishing a new and more advanced code of laws, they build more and more trade relations, political and military with the main Western nations.
The monarchy lasted until 1932, when a coup forces the King to adopt a constitution and a parliament. In 1939, the country’s name was officially changed from Siam, which originally meant Free Country, in Thailand, the Land of the Thai .
The recent history of Thailand
Between 1932 and 1958 the History of Thailand is characterized by seven coups and six different Constitutions. These cases reinforce the military oligarchy in power and fuelling a strong domestic opposition, eventually leading to the revolt of Thai students in October 1973.
Until the 90 alternate coups and new constitutions, in 1992 until democracy is fully restored through free elections, and the establishment of the constitutional order. In September 2006 there was another peaceful coup, with which they destitute the unpopular former Prime Minister Thaksin. Undoubtedly, Thailand is a country that aims towards a more democratic and stable, the centre of which is the new Thai Constitution and inspired.
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