Cambodia & the Kingdom of Angkor Wat

Visit one of the seven wonders of the world !

DSC0067_resizeCambodia and Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat – Cambodia and the magnificent temples of Angkor Wat are unmatched in the region of Southeast Asia and around the rich regality ‘of the Khmer Empire are the the charming capital Phnom Penh, hundreds of kilometers of pristine coastline, beautiful tropical islands, the majestic Mekong River that comes from Tibet, a vibrant ancient culture and one of the people more ‘friendly of all the’ Asia. Probably Cambodia is not ‘one of the most’ sophisticated on the planet, but this feature makes it unique and fascinating for many, especially for those armed with patience and sense of humor. Cambodia and ‘full of surprises and not miss’ of soprendervi, and’ a place where to live an ‘unforgettable adventure, so’ as a cultural holiday or seaside … welcome in Cambodia !

DSC0813_resizeThe best time to go

As all tropical countries of Southeast Asia Cambodia knows two seasons: the dry season which runs from November to March and the monsoon period ( or raining season ) that goes’ from May to October. In the dry season temperatures range between 25 ° C and 30 ° C, while in the rainy season and the heat ‘and higher temperatures can touch 36 ° C especially in the months of April and May. The best time to visit Cambodia is in the dry season, which is from November to March but actually can be visited during the entire year.

General information

Surface: 181 040 km²

Total population: about 15 million inhabitants

Official Language: Khmer (Cambodian)

Other languages: French and English

Religion: Theravada Buddhist 95%, other 5%.

Ethnicity: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%.

Form of State: Constitutional Monarchy.

Development level: low-income country and development

Population: for most of rural origin with an economy based on agriculture and on textiles …

The geography of Cambodia is characterized by the Mekong River ( Tonle Thom or Great River ) and the great lake Tonle Sap leading resource for fishing in Cambodia. During the monsoon rains currents of the Mekong are reversed to the Tonle Sap, in this way every year the lake greatly increases its surface.

DSC0345_resizeEconomy of Cambodia

Agriculture remains the dominant sector and in fact employs 58% of the population and produces 35.4 of GDP. The main activities’ in Cambodian are textiles and tourism. In 2005 in Cambodia were discovered deposits of oil and natural gas that will help a slow economic recovery. Despite the high rate of poverty (29% of the population ), Cambodia is’ now experiencing a good economic development thanks to the many international aid that in the period between 2004 and 2007 saw the GDP of the United grow of about 10% per year.

History of Cambodia

Cambodia, to escape the domination of Siam (modern Thailand) and Annam (modern Vietnam), asks for help to France. On August 11, 1863 to reach the French protectorate over Cambodia.

DSC0268_resizeUnder this protectorate treaty King Norodom prohibits any diplomatic relations and trade with a foreign power without the consent of France. In 1887 Cambodia joins with the French Indochina and the King of Cambodia loses all his powers. The protectorate will last ‘up to’ independence under the reign of Prince Sihanouk.

On March 18, 1970 Cambodia and ‘victim of a “coup”. Marshal Lon Nol, with the support of the United States overthrows the monarchy and established a military regime in Cambodia. The international context of the period, dominated by the war in Vietnam, is somewhat dangerous. Lon Nol will be removed from power by the Khmer Rouge of Pol Pot only five years later.

DSC0540_resizeApril 17, 1975: The fall of Phnom Penh

CambogiaI Khmer Rouge occupy Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, and led by their leader Pol Pot imposed a fierce dictatorship. The Khmer Rouge are believed responsible for the deaths of about two and a half million people, or 33% of the Cambodian population, and in proportion to the population have put in place a massacre worse than Nazi. The Khmer Rouge will be driven out of Phnom Penh by Vietnamese forces only in January 1979 but the civil war between the Khmer Rouge and the government backed by Vietnam last ‘for a long time, that is until a ceasefire is finally promulgated under the supervision UN in ‘October 1991.

The elections organized by the UN in 1993 have finally helped Cambodia in regain some normalcy and the new coalition government was formed with the elections of 1998 brought a much hoped-for political stability.

DSC0661_resizeReligion and Beliefs:

Predominantly animist (cult of the dead and spirits) Cambodia follows Hinduism and Buddhism. The majority of the population is Theravada Buddhist (with 96% of the population and ‘considered the state religion), but the country also lies a Cham Muslim community (2%) and in some tribes of the mountains instead spread Christianity.

How to obtain a visa for Cambodia

All foreigners visiting or staying in Cambodia need an entry visa. The visa is issued on arrival at the airport and / or at any border in Cambodia. To obtain a visa and ‘required a passport photo and the payment of a government tax of $ 25. The visa is obtained in about 10-15 minutes.

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